The Deputy Minister of Counter Narcotics (CN) is responsible for the eradication of poppy cultivation, the dismantling of illegal opium laboratories, and investigation of narcotics smuggling and trafficking.
Narcotics threatens both Afghanistan’s security and its economy. Poppy cultivation has direct links to terrorism, providing illegal income to fund insurgents. Heroin addiction afflicts many people in regional areas of poppy cultivation, harming both the health of the population, and the economic development of the province, as well as causing increases in violence and in street crime.

According to statistics provided by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),  poppy cultivation increased 36 percent from 131,000 hectares in 2012-13 (1391) to 209,000 hectares in 2013-14 (1392) —the highest rate of production in 10 years. The number of drug addicts correspondingly increased from one million to 1.6 million individuals.

Five of Afghanistan’s provinces produce 93 percent of the country’s poppies, with an estimated 53 percent of the country’s production cultivated in Helmand province alone.

The Minister of Interior Affairs’ 10-Year Vision introduced in 2013 (1392) calls for a 50 percent reduction in the cultivation, production, and trafficking of narcotics throughout Afghanistan over the next five years. Last year the Counter Narcotics Deputy Ministry conducted three joint cross-border operations with the Republic of Tajikistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Additionally, the MoIA sought to further strengthen regional cooperation, and information exchange through numerous bilateral and multilateral meetings.

The main priorities of the Deputy Ministry of Counter Narcotics are:

  1.  Implementation of the Action Plan in accordance with the Ministry’s 10-year Vision and the Law;
  2. Upgrading CNPA’s capacity, professionalism and training in Counter Narcotics work;
  3. Increasing the efficiency of operations across the country, and TOC leadership capacity building;
  4. Targeting main traffickers and drug trafficking organizations;
  5. Targeting main heroine/narcotics process centers and/or factories;
  6. Organizing major operations in order to eliminate armed drug traffickers in the border areas;
  7. Strengthening regional cooperation, information exchange, and joint cross-border operations with neighboring countries;
  8. Attempting total elimination of poppy cultivation across the country, recreating the Poppy Eradication Unit, and disrupting production in affected provinces; and,
  9. Strengthening borders, entry ports, customs units, airport security, placing professional police in the aforementioned locations in order to prevent drug trafficking.

The DM for Counter Narcotics conducted 3,180 operations across the country. The number of smugglers arrested during 2013-14 (1392) totaled 3,078. Of those 16 arrested were foreign citizens.
Detection and seizures of Opium, Heroin, Morphine, Hashish, Intoxicants and Precursors.